Tongkonan own the stage house that was built from a combination of sticks and sheets of board. If observed, rectangular diagram to follow the practical form of wood materials. No varnish or lacquer, all from wood uru, a type of local wood from Sulawesi. Quality of wood quite well and many see in the Toraja region.
There are three parts of Tongkonan; under (Sulluk Banua), chart (Kale Banua) and roof (Ratiang Banua). Viewed from the side view, this distribution pattern is clear darn wooden structure. In the space underneath and look at the walls and sealed the seams of the boards with a thickness of about 5-7 cm.
On the roof, the curved shape like buffalo horns. On the west and east side of the building there is a small window, where sunlight and wind flow. Tongkonan have each berkumpu on stone columns. The main column into a buffer structure of the roof edges.
There is no specific provision Tongkonan size wooden structures, all based on the availability of wood raw material in the market uru. At Kale Banua that serves as a residence, the floor consists of sheets of board, reinforced with the stage floor structure.
This section has several other functions as well as the living room dugout in celebration ceremony on the front side and a living room used as a space to place the body at a funeral. On the back side of the building there is sleeping space for family members.
In front there tongkonan rice granary, the so-called ‘grass’. The pillars of these barns are made from the stems of palms (‘Bangah’) are slippery, so the mice can not go up into the barn. At the front of the barn there are a variety of carvings, including a picture of chicken and sun, a symbol to resolve the matter.
In understanding the Toraja, tongkonan regarded as the ‘mother’, while the reed is as the ‘father’. Tongkonan works for residential, social activities, ceremonies, and the fostering of kinship. The interior of the house is divided into three parts, namely the northern, central, and south. The room in the northern part is called ‘tangalok’, serves as a living room, where children sleep, also a place to put offerings. The room middle section called ‘Sali’, serves as a dining room, family gatherings, where lay the dead, also the kitchen. The south room is called ‘sumbung’, is a room for the head of the family. The room next to the south is also considered as a source of disease.
The bodies of the dead are not buried immediately, but stored in tongkonan. Before the funeral, the corpse was regarded as ‘sick’. In order not to foul, the corpse was embalmed with traditional ingredients like formaldehyde, which is made of betel leaves and sap of the banana. If the funeral will be conducted, first corpse is stored in granaries for 3 days. The coffin of traditional Toraja called ‘erong’, shaped for the female pig and buffalo for men. For the nobility, made erong shaped custom home.
There are still many aspects of the architecture of the Toraja land, but it will be written in other articles.
If you want to change their paint or wallpaper in your home first then performed to prepare the wall.The preparation and cleaning of surfaces that you will paint or paper are important. If the surface of a wall is fat, the siding will not want to paste or application will not be equal, and sometimes even take off after a short period of temps. Paint is a liquid that is going to marry all forms. On a flat surface, a tiny hollow will produce glare and make very small defects visible. It is therefore important to repair and prepare the walls and ceiling before applying paint.
The walls are more conducive to need repair. To fill a large hole, although it is best to fix it. For small nail holes or small scratches frames, you just use a bit of plaster or joint cement and a spatula.
So you repair small defects and sometimes you need to cover a stain you cannot clean properly. A thin coat of paint primer will help to hide it. The same goes for small repairs that are plaster or drywall paper from a big hole, because the repairs will drink a larger amount of paint.
For a wood surface that is already painted, you have to grind a bit and make sure the old paint will not peel. Once all repairs must be properly clean the surface to remove dust and grease. The best and cheapest way to clean walls and ceilings is to use tri sodium phosphate (TSP), a granule that you mix with water for degreasing.
If the wall you have painted is cleaned frequently and is not exposed to cooking fumes, you can wash with normal soap. For walls and ceilings of the kitchen or the bathroom, it is preferable to use tri sodium phosphate, which is much more powerful. Wear gloves and rinse the surface thoroughly after cleaning.
Allow the surface to dry and then remove trim electrical outlets and switches. It is easier to remove the plates taken and vents as clean once you have done a top job. If you paint roller, wrap the ceiling fans in a trash bag. Cover the floor with paintings and use masking tape to cover the door handles and other items more difficult to remove.
Make a final check for tasks or defects in the surfaces. If everything is ready, you can apply the paint and then make decorative surface coating of the wall as decorative wallpaper.
In my previous article discussed the use of bamboo for the floor, as the sequel I discuss how to care for bamboo flooring. Remove dust regularly with a vacuum cleaner. Maintain your regular bamboo flooring using a special product vitrified flooring. To be avoided: soap and water, detergent-based fats, products containing chlorine or ammonia. If you drop a liquid on bamboo, wipe with a damp mop and then a dry cloth.
Bamboo flooring is very durable, but like hardwood, it requires special care and maintenance to remain in good condition. A bamboo flooring needs to be protected against the elements that could stain, warp, scratch or damage the surface or advice.
Proper care bamboo flooring can go a long way to ensure performance and longevity of the floor. It is important to take preventive measures and simple to clean a part of your daily routine. Read below to learn how you can take care of your bamboo floors and keep good for years to come.
* Clean up spills of liquids and to prevent your floor swelling, cupping or fade. Remember to bamboo flooring dry completely.
* Use of carpeting in high traffic areas or where spills may occur, such as kitchens, entrance halls or bedroom doors.
* Make sure rugs and carpets are colorfast. Dye can bleed and cause permanent stains bamboo flooring.
* Avoid carpets or rubber mats at the bottom. rubber can cause scratches, trapping moisture and prevent the bamboo flooring can “breathe”.
* Keep all carpets clean and dry. Be sure to check underneath frequently to the accumulation of moisture or dirt.
* Remove high heels before walking on bamboo floors to avoid lumps and bumps.
* Keep the nails of your pets or hat trimmed their claws to minimize scratches.
* Use a thick cloth or felt (sticky-back) protective pads under the edges of base cabinets or along the bottom of feet of furniture (chairs, tables, sofas, etc.) to avoid gouges.
* The wheels are small wheels on a swivel, set under a piece of furniture or machinery. They can be made narrow, and / or plastic or metal that can cause rough bumps. To help minimize dents, replace all the wheels with floor protectors or wide, fabric-covered wheels.
* Bamboo floors can fade a little more time. Moving carpets, furniture and other surfaces regularly held on the same natural color change.
* Use blinds, shade screens, or curtains to screen direct sunlight and help prevent fading.
* Keep your warranty to keep track of your humidity. Home humidity levels must be maintained between 35-60%, by using a humidifier or dehumidifier. Too much moisture can lead to bamboo flooring to swell, while too little moisture can cause the ground to reduce or crack.
DAILY CARE AND CLEANING
* Use cleaning products recommended by the manufacturer of your flooring or professional. Failure to do so could void your warranty.
* Before cleaning, broom or vacuum to remove dust, dirt, gravel and pebbles.
* Use gentle cleaning tools such as mops, mops and brooms. When cleaning, make sure the brush is just moist. Vacuum cleaners, especially those with a beater bar, are generally not recommended for most types of bamboo floors.
* Avoid using steel wool, scouring pads, wet sponges, brushes or rags.
* Shake area rugs and carpets out to remove dirt that can be gathered below.
* Wash Vacuum carpets and floor on a regular basis.
* Follow the instructions and recommendations on the floor cleaning product packages carefully.
* Avoid the following: acrylic floor wax or other oil soap, strong detergents, ammonia, vacuum cleaners, or abrasive cleaning powder, corrosive chemicals or other household cleaners .
* To remove the sticky spots, gently rub the floor with a soft, slightly damp.
* Immediately dry the whole area was cleaned with wet products or cleaning tools.
May be useful. forward to next article
Step 1: Prepare the space
Remove the space of all the furniture and do not forget to store drapes and lighting fixtures.
Make sure the floor has no element that stands out and, where applicable, reattach them.
Drive the nails coming out with a nail and a hammer. The best is yet to remove them and replace them with new nails are a little broader.
Step 2: remove the surface layer
Remove the old base layer is worn. For this, use a floor cleaner, a product that degreases the flooring, which removes stains and makes the coating its natural color.
If the floor is damaged, it is best to sand completely. In the sheet ‘Sanding a floor or a floor’, we will explain exactly how you should proceed.
Make sure the floor is dust free and clean, whether or not sanded.
Continued at next articel….
The color is very vital for the ornament of a piece of home. If you want to give up the atmosphere, the choice of color, or their arrangement is critical. Choose colors, shades and how to produce a harmonious combination is a difficult thing to decorate a room. A color is produced from three colors, red, blue and yellow or primary colors. The addition of white or black in color paint reset to make lighter or darker.
According to the usefulness of a room, a color may be more appropriate to produce a certain atmosphere.
Use bright colors in a room where the calm and relaxation are necessary can be harmful.
The lighting and the amount of light entering through the windows the day are also something to consider.
A good choice of color can afford to give the impression that a room is larger or smaller, warm and relaxing … Here are some effects that give color.
Light colors help a good light and give an impression of more space and the ceiling is higher in the room. Pale walls let out over the dark furniture you want to highlight.
Dark colors give the impression of smaller area and therefore more intimate. The dark absorbs light and makes a darker room and relaxing, as a reading room. A dark wall will highlight your furniture pale.
The warm color
A warm color is a shade that goes from yellow to red. It will make a piece that gives a warm north, and not be suitable when a lot of sunshine into the room. A warm color too vibrant, like a bright red, can be aggressive, but an orange is suitable for relaxation.
The cool color
Is a cold color in shades from green to blue and gray. Cool colors awaken and activate the senses, except the white which gives an impression of tranquility. For a room that receives plenty of sun, it reduces the effect stifling. It helps in small rooms like the bathroom.
A bright color or mast will also change the effect, especially for lighting, because the colors poles absorb a greater amount of light. A bright color will suit the dark places, like the basement, bathrooms, and children’s games. Pole color is more suitable for a reading room where you want an atmosphere of calm.
The decoration of the ceiling gives a room a definite atmosphere and helps to provide some atmosphere. The choice of colors, textures, woodwork, lighting and natural materials, will allow obtaining the beloved setting. How do you decorate a ceiling maintains and determines the future renovation to be done.
The work of art is the cover material most used in ceilings. Painting a ceiling is easy and requires no special tools, except to create patterns. The ceiling is rarely painted a dark color, which would affect the distribution of overhead lighting. Painting a ceiling is usually dull.
The wallpaper is used less as do the installation on the ceiling is a lot more difficult than for use as wall decoration. There are tapes that should not be soaked in water, but they are a lot more expensive.
The interior plaster was much used to produce patterns and textures. As this compound was porous, it became increasingly dark and had to be painted. If the texture was too pronounced, it was the paint brush. As the plaster is stuck, if you want to change the decor, you pull and replace the drywall, spackle and all the work to renovate the ceiling.
To give a little relief, it is often the installation of a rosette around the ceiling, or installing decorative moldings. The molding cutting sections of a ceiling to define the function. For example, it framed a skylight to bring more clearly the presence of a roof window.
For a rustic charm, it is often the installation of wood paneling on the ceiling, which is as on the walls. Over time, the color of the wood will become darker. This will require any sanding with electric sander, and hand protection for the wood, like varnish, and / or a dye. Stain will help to change the look of wood.
It is common to want to improve the sound of a ceiling, especially for the bedroom. As sound insulation must be installed in the walls, it is common to the installation of a ceiling, or installing acoustic tiles. The installation of suspended ceiling can be made only if the height permits. The installation of acoustic tiles can be easily made directly on the gypsum with a stapler or a glue ceiling tiles.
The ceiling, or ceiling fan, determine how the room will be illuminated, and of course determine the atmosphere of the room. The show will usually diffuse lighting, so that it is relaxing, and a work area should have good lighting. We must therefore choose the decorative lights, but they must also perform their function properly inform the user.
Put too much decoration, it’s like not to get enough. It often takes a simple and delicate little thing to make something clear. A simple little trim, placed a few inches from the edge of a kitchen ceiling can give a surprising result decorative. The decoration of a ceiling should be fairly simple, as is often the decoration of the walls you want to put more in evidence.
Happy nice day, may be useful. Please send feedback or criticism,
The end of summer is a time when we all need to start having a look at how to protect our patio furniture components in the cooling months. Although now is not simple to obtain right of entry to transfer your garage space and quality established over the inside of the iciness no panic. The furniture in your yard can still look your best post season if he give protection to invest in patio furniture covers that are now readily available. While most patio and lawn products are manufactured to remain outside for the winter, some precautions may still be required for harsher weather conditions. Here’s a general breakdown of how to treat the common materials that show up on your patio, porch or deck.
most aluminum furniture has been powder coated, keeping it from rusting. Washing aluminum and then applying a coat of automotive wax for extra protection. Touch up any scratches with car paint in the appropriate color.
Despite wrought iron furniture’s sturdy structure, it is susceptible to rust. Remove any that’s accumulated with a wire brush and then coat with an exterior spray paint designed for wrought iron, before covering with a quality tarp until spring.
Plastic needs little care—a blast with the hose and a good toweling off—but because of its potential brittleness, it also needs to come indoors for the winter.
designed to deter mildew, acrylic fabrics can still harbor mold if the fabric remains dirty. To avoid black spots, vacuum or shake off your cushions and umbrella at the end of the summer, and keep anything stuffed with foam in a dry space for the winter. For tough stains, use a bleach/detergent mix (one cup bleach to a gallon water, with a squirt of detergent), but don’t use bleach on any cotton or printed fabrics. For those, just use soap and water.
Teak is the most durable of woods or bamboo used to make patio furniture, turning an elegant silver with time and exposure to the elements. If you want teak to maintain its original color, apply specialty oil at least once a year. Other painted woods will lose their color in the sun; replenish a faded coat with an acrylic paint recommended by a quality paint supplier.
Synthetic wicker can stay outdoors year-round, but natural rattan needs to be kept in a dry, dark space. Before storing, check the wicker for damage and repaint any areas that are flaking.
You can choice patio furniture covers are designed to last available for a very long time, no doubt, and remain effective in all the prerequisites of time however the most extreme. The covers are weighted too often, so your furniture does not take off in the first gale winter weather and held in position to provide protection for your furniture all winter long
Covers come in all shapes and sizes to provide coverage for all your articles relentless patio furniture for life. You can find more especially in the form of chairs and tables, benches and so on. There most certainly covers many forms as there patio Options of furniture so you should be able to find the right size to offer protection to your ensemble. They are usually very easy to use and come with programs that are easy to keep in place all winter weather long as Velcro strips. Because they are designed to withstand harsh provisions of doors that you can relax understanding not worsen the results of the solar and the fabric is treated to resist UV damage.
is necessary to invest is a set of patio furniture covers if you can not set retail inside during winter weather months. This simple gesture will ensure that your precious furniture set is ready to used and in pristine condition as quickly as the good weather returns. Perhaps you would like to spend some cash to buy a set of covers that protect throughout the whole year, but in the long run it is a worthwhile investment and ensures that your patio furniture will be the close season after season