Tongkonan own the stage house that was built from a combination of sticks and sheets of board. If observed, rectangular diagram to follow the practical form of wood materials. No varnish or lacquer, all from wood uru, a type of local wood from Sulawesi. Quality of wood quite well and many see in the Toraja region.
There are three parts of Tongkonan; under (Sulluk Banua), chart (Kale Banua) and roof (Ratiang Banua). Viewed from the side view, this distribution pattern is clear darn wooden structure. In the space underneath and look at the walls and sealed the seams of the boards with a thickness of about 5-7 cm.
On the roof, the curved shape like buffalo horns. On the west and east side of the building there is a small window, where sunlight and wind flow. Tongkonan have each berkumpu on stone columns. The main column into a buffer structure of the roof edges.
There is no specific provision Tongkonan size wooden structures, all based on the availability of wood raw material in the market uru. At Kale Banua that serves as a residence, the floor consists of sheets of board, reinforced with the stage floor structure.
This section has several other functions as well as the living room dugout in celebration ceremony on the front side and a living room used as a space to place the body at a funeral. On the back side of the building there is sleeping space for family members.
In front there tongkonan rice granary, the so-called ‘grass’. The pillars of these barns are made from the stems of palms (‘Bangah’) are slippery, so the mice can not go up into the barn. At the front of the barn there are a variety of carvings, including a picture of chicken and sun, a symbol to resolve the matter.
In understanding the Toraja, tongkonan regarded as the ‘mother’, while the reed is as the ‘father’. Tongkonan works for residential, social activities, ceremonies, and the fostering of kinship. The interior of the house is divided into three parts, namely the northern, central, and south. The room in the northern part is called ‘tangalok’, serves as a living room, where children sleep, also a place to put offerings. The room middle section called ‘Sali’, serves as a dining room, family gatherings, where lay the dead, also the kitchen. The south room is called ‘sumbung’, is a room for the head of the family. The room next to the south is also considered as a source of disease.
The bodies of the dead are not buried immediately, but stored in tongkonan. Before the funeral, the corpse was regarded as ‘sick’. In order not to foul, the corpse was embalmed with traditional ingredients like formaldehyde, which is made of betel leaves and sap of the banana. If the funeral will be conducted, first corpse is stored in granaries for 3 days. The coffin of traditional Toraja called ‘erong’, shaped for the female pig and buffalo for men. For the nobility, made erong shaped custom home.
There are still many aspects of the architecture of the Toraja land, but it will be written in other articles.
Colors and styles of bamboo make it possible to be combined with other materials. For example, by metal, carpet and foam. Furniture made of bamboo is very suitable combined with a variety of floor. Such as vinyl flooring, Parquet, ceramics and natural stone
Furniture from bamboo finishes most varnish instead of paint to use, thus highlighting the strong natural impression. The presence of bamboo furniture in your room will cause a sense of cool and natural.
According to a new survey of Remodeling magazine, the average price of a major kitchen remodel in the Sacramento, Calif., area is estimated to cost more than $67,000—with a resale value of just over $50,000. That’s a lot of cabbage. Add the fact that homeowners NOT in the construction or building industries can underestimate the makeover’s cost by as much as 40 % the total price tag can quickly spiral out of hand.
The trends in home remodeling is the mini-remodel—moving away from the full treatment and keeping the focus on separate updates one at a time. So, instead of gutting your entire kitchen and starting from scratch, consider the smaller projects that can refresh this space without reached deep pockets.
This is arguably your home’s most used plumbing fixture and updating it can yield wonders for the entire kitchen. Today’s faucet of kitchen are efficient, hard working and durable. A simplifies prep and clean-up, hot and cold dispensers provide instantaneous water and a mini bar gives you an additional option.
This might be the most involved exchange of all the simple kitchen updates. Once you’ve chosen your new wastafel, you’ll have to surrender your kitchen counter for a day or two. But that’s it.
While your head’s in the wasteful, what about the garbage disposal? While some households actually function without one, installing one simplifies post-meal clean-up.
Talk about a change of scenery. An updated light or system of lighting can change the way you see your kitchen—literally.
From an energy star-rated ceiling fixture and track lighting to a mini chandler or pendant lighting over the kitchen table, never underestimate the power of proper lighting anywhere in your home—particularly in the kitchen.
Cabinets and cabinet hardware
This is the simplest of all the kitchen updates. Just unscrew the old cabinet pull or knob and replace it with the new one..
The kitchen remodel doesn’t have to be a discouraging event. Sure, improvements like hauling in a new fridge or installing a new range and variety can be game changers, but these more significant updates require more planning and cost. Even a small update can work wonders for your home’s favorite meeting place and most popular room.
Living Room Lighting is essential to your living room make over. It’s also an excellent opportunity to tie in the lighting in the dining room or kitchen. In your living room, you’ll need to provide enough lighting for every corner where people might sit, as well as mood lighting for those quieter and more relaxed times
Chandeliers are probably the most popular style of living room lighting. They can range in size from a three-light mini chandelier to something extravagant enough to make a Disney princess proud.
Pendant lighting typically features one shade and hangs from the ceiling. Popular options are single-light mini and bowl pendants. But multi-light pendants also provide ample illumination, while offering a unique look.
Track lighting is set along a track (also called a run). Because these tracks can be rigid or flexible, you can customize your lighting and to work with what you already have in the living room. For track lighting basics, visit our article here
Wall sconces are wall-mounted fixtures that provide general, task, or accent lighting in the living room. They can be directional or emit substantial light, and much of the time they’re reversible and can be mounted for up or down lighting. Swing arm fixtures are more versatile than other wall sconces, since the light source itself can be moved. Wall washers flood a specific area with light, perfect for complementing other fixtures in the living room.
Lamp lighting is a rich and practical way to illuminate any part of your living room. Table, desk, and piano lamps are ideal for smaller areas where you might read or write, while floor, buffet, and torchiere lamps provide more lighting.
Picture wall lighting is specifically designed to direct a narrow band of lighting to an area of a painting or picture, usually at the top or bottom.
Accent lighting is a great way to provide ambient lighting from above. Also called spot lighting, this is a versatile way to lighting a living room, since many fixtures are available with several lights and can be multi-directional.
Lighting a fountain outdoor pond in a year or the spray from avertical pump in your pool with fiber optic Is Easy outdoor lighting. Color Choices Can Be Made Quickly to change with the seasons. Can imagine Being Able to changing your fountain‘s color to alternating red and green for Christmas, or to a red, white and blue theme for Fourth of July. Your Home Can Be the envy of the neighborhood with the decorative options available to you using fiber optic outdoor lighting.
One of the biggest advantages of fiber optic outdoor lighting Is The Lack of electric power running-through the installation. Fiber opticcables are run from Simply the light source to the destination. The Cable Itself the light reflection from a light source or LED Such As An Other illuminator. So There’s no electric current to create the Involved Potential for short circuits or fire and There’s no heat Involved, Especially Which is safe When running the optical cable-through a wall or under water.
In adding to lower installation and maintenance Costs over time,outdoor fiber optic lighting offers the added Benefit of Being Ableto change colors in a year now. Most are Tested in extreme hot andcold weather and Can Provide lighting options in outdoor entertaining Areas Otherwise in accessible.
Setup of fiber optic outdoor lighting Should Be Well Thought out in bright sunlight as placement or high ambient lighting near the optic light Can Make APPEAR washed out and Nearly invisible. The color of the light you choose Can help with visibility. More cable strands Can Increase brightness, and the length of different cable stunning from the light source Sami Can affect the brightness of Each strand. Fibers come in glass or plastic. May you wish to choose plastic Because Of STI lower cost and Flexibility in bending and cutting.
Choose vinyl flooring, in addition to aesthetics, many other criteria will also guide your choice such as the thickness of the wear layer, ease of maintenance, wear resistance, the folder, the surface finish.
The quality of a vinyl floor depends mainly on the number of layers that compose it: the file (1), the stabilization layer of fiberglass (2), relief (3), drawing (4) and the layers wear and finishing (5 and 6).
In general, the higher the vinyl floor is thick over the sound and heat insulation is good. The total thickness of the product is important in this regard.
The wear layer is the layer on which we walk. It provides information on the strength of the vinyl. Plus it is thick, vinyl is more resistant to wear. Density (or weight per m²) of the product also improves the resistance: the higher the vinyl floor is hard and compact, the more wear resistance and indentation are strong.
Surface treatments provide other advantages: ease of maintenance treatment, increasing the resistance, to prevent the traces, stains, scratches, yellowing, anti-slip. According to the piece and use the soil you have vinyl, so you can choose the most appropriate treatment.
Increasingly often, the surface of the vinyl is “embossed” or “grainy”. This technique allows a return appearance and a very natural terrain: the texture of the veining in the case of a decorated floor, dips and bumps in the case of a decorated terracotta. The effect thus obtained is surprising authenticity.
The technical characteristics of each soil vinyl and ensure you are given the best possible choice:
In terms of fire resistance test sought particularly in the context of a commercial or office, the indication is the M3 anti-fire.
Other concepts exist such as the compatibility of the vinyl with a system of floor heating, use in wet areas, the anti-static .In terms of widths: 2, 3, 4 and even 5 meters wide
Both facades and interior walls need maintenance from time to time, some recommendations here and how to apply paint. Raw materials and tools must be chosen from among a variety available to paint a house and also depends on what part of the house you want to improve.
To paint the house first, you must choose the paint
The type of paint should be chosen depending on the area of the house you want to paint, oil paints give a lustrous finish and are easier to clean, which is recommended for kitchens, as it only needs a wipe with a chemical cleaner to remove grease from the walls are covered with this paint.
The water-based paints are recommended for indoors, because they are more expensive than latex paints or exterior and not being exposed to the weather, a water-based paint withstands long time inside a house.
Tips for preparing the surface to paint your house
If the paint on the surface to be painted is in good condition is not necessary to give any treatment, but if it is peeling or in poor spend a knife and sanding is recommended to avoid surface irregularities.
Sometimes a wall of humidity does not allow the paint to adhere properly to the surface in these cases, sand and apply a sealer or fixative is most convenient.
The tools for painting the house
One roll makes things easier, since a larger area to cover the wall pass, most of them are ready to adapt powerless an extension, either plastic, wood or aluminum that makes it more convenient to paint the highest places walls.
For rough surfaces and hard to reach places, a plastic bristle brush or a two-inch brush is best suited, is also very useful a smaller brush (half inch or less) to paint the surfaces near the door frames and hard to reach corners.
How to protect your home from painting to painting when
The roller to pass over the surface to be painted regularly throws paint droplets, so it is advisable to get at least one sheet of plastic that measures approximately 2 m by 2 m to protect the floor or carpet, if you want to avoid moving the plastic sheet constant, it can get several and protect the entire floor before starting to paint.
For furniture, it is best to cover them with plastic film as vita film, though some old sheets can be used in the same way if they can get the first option.
There are flat trays to pour the wet paint and roll with it, may be useful in case of painting people more than one, if this is not the situation, then dip the roller directly from the bucket of paint rolling it on the surface the liquid is what is most practical.
The trays, being easily portable and small, can cause more disorder and dirt as they can go unnoticed and can be walked on or kicked, spraying paint.
Start painting the house
The order in which it begins to paint is important to work more efficiently, one way is to begin to move the roller diagonally from the corners farthest from the door to them once they are finished with the areas larger detail with brushes or brush the areas where the roller by its size can not reach.
Market will find a variety of types, brands and prices of paintings, but paintings are not all equal. The user is becoming more rational when choosing a painting. Because you cannot tell the difference by the simple appearance, your best guide will always choose a mark of prestige and security.
Buy quality paint in a hardware store you trust.
When you want special color paint, prepare at once to use all the paint and prevent variations in tone.
Before use each product, you must remove it in order to homogenize the contents.
1 / 8 of water is enough to dilute 4 liters of a latex paint.
Do not reduce the paint more than recommended on the package, because it reduces the hiding power of the same and causes drips.
Cover furniture and floors, using proper elements. Remove pictures, mirrors and curtains, in case of spills, they must be cleaned immediately with a cloth dipped in clean water.
If the windows have panes with iron, covered with newspaper moons, holding them with masking tape.
Cover electrical outlets and light switches with masking tape or use a small brush to trim the edges.
Paint the ceiling first: Use a ladder and a roll, preferably with long sleeves. is best to start on a line as wide as possible.
Continue with the walls: It is recommended to delineate the edges between the walls and ceiling, with a small brush (2 “). Then with a thick brush, 5″ or 6 “, or roller, paint the large panels.
Cover with newspaper sockets attached with masking tape.
Prepare the surface thoroughly prior to painting (see below surface preparation of concrete, wood and iron)
The surface can be washed, provided it is a washable paint and good quality. This can be done after 3 weeks of being applied paint,
Do not paint outdoors in heavy rain, fog or condensation, because the paint drips.
The design and style you want for your home requires special attention when choosing paint colors. The types of designs and styles can lead to large impacts on paint colors to paint any home.The colors are strong and dark colors are best suited for rooms like the kitchen or bathroom. However, there is a difference in the traditional style and modern interior designs.
The modern concept of design is composed of neutral colors. This type of colors provides a more classic style to the room or room in question and usually the colors to paint the bedroom walls are used in most any home.
Different people may prefer certain color shades, so it is good to consider if the paint colors are adapted to the environment and complement the other home accessories, such as furniture and other decorative items present. For example, if blue is your preference, then you can always mix the color with some brown tones of the color will look even better.
The management of the colors to paint your home must be evaluated very carefully and patiently. If you for example burgundy lover, you should consider which are the best colors to blend properly and thus achieve a better design of your home.
Maintain proper harmony between colors to paint your home can play an important role in the quiet of home, if you arrive at your home to rest and is a heavy and very strong colors, can have a negative effect on your relaxation and tranquility , while a good color management on the walls of your home can help you calm and relaxed states.
This can also occur because the style and accessories your room does not conform to the skin, then the color seems a bit uncomfortable. Your home may be made to look elegant, with the help of paint colors, but you must understand that colors can also be added for curtains, furniture, cushions and other accessories.
If in case your household members have no idea about how to choose paint colors for your home or are confused in choosing the perfect style for your room, then you can always go to expert advice on design interior may suggest what could be the best colors to paint your home as your furniture and accessories.